Mass culture has rapidly generated a programme of new activities of distribution, transport services, sports, leisure and entertainment that are nested in the large open spaces of the Ring Road zones that develop into necklaces of large-scale elements encircling the city. In these reactor vessels for mass culture a new brew activities sets off a chain reaction of typologies, styles and structures: the Ring Culture. This study was an early attempt to analyse the mechanisms of Ring Culture and to come up with a set of planning instruments for working in these areas

Site: Antwerp Ring Road
Program: Development scenario
Status: design study 1986